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Army Pay Scale: Army National Guard
The Army National Guard is one of the three
components of the US Army, the other
two being Active Army and the Army Reserves. The Army National
Guard has been an integral part of the US Army for around 366
The Army National Guard consists of traditional Guardsmen- civilians
who serve their country on part time basis, which is usually a
weekend each month and two weeks during the summer. The President
has the powers of activating the army
to participate in federal roles like combating the terrorism in
Middle East or peace operations in Bosnia and Kosovo.
The state missions of Army National Guard include
local or state emergencies such as storms, earthquakes, civil
disturbances, fires and providing security for the Olympics while
in States. They need to be always ready with well-maintained and
trained units promptly available with adequate equipment during
national emergencies or wars. The Governor through the state Adjutant
General commands such army missions.
The Army National Guard comprises of state guard forces. However,
they are not a part of the main militia though they may be at
any time called for duty to assist them. Mobilization of such
members of the army is possible only as a part of their respective
units and through voluntary transfers.
In 1903, a part of the US Army became
the Reserve Force for the army. This was the Army National Guard.
This army made up for 40% of the US combat divisions in World
War I and around 19 divisions in World War II. Korean War saw
one hundred and forty thousand members of this force in action
and over 63.000 during Operation Desert Storm assisting the general
armed forces. They were also a part of the US peacekeeping forces
in Somalia, Haiti, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bosnia and Kosovo.
After the World War II, the Air National Guard came from the
Army National Guard aviation units, today functioning
with more than 106,000 army personnel.